By Marc Chandler
This first appeared on Marc's site, Marc to Market
In the iconography of Mao, some see pictures of the Chairman showing both ears as signaling that he was listening to all the people. In this sense, Powell had his Mao moment. He listened to the market.
He has been struggling to find the right message for the market. The Fed has not changed what it is doing. It has changed its rhetoric.
The Fed's economic assessment did not change much. It still is seeing a relatively robust economy. What changed was the Fed's rhetoric: It promised patience and flexibility on the balance sheet, if needed, while committing to ensuring ample reserves. The Fed will continue to let $50 billion a month of maturing assets roll-off the balance sheet. It dropped the reference to "future rate increases" and its risk assessment, that previously said risks were roughly balanced. Powell was explicit: policy was now in a clear wait-and-see mode.
If previously, the Fed had a tightening bias, it is now in neutral. Powell emphasized, "cross-currents" like slower world growth, especially in Europe and China, and government action, such as Brexit, trade tensions, and the government shutdown. He also talked about a multidimensional view of financial conditions, and that Fed policy works through changing financial conditions.
In a separate statement, the Fed discussed the balance sheet and linked it back to economic and financial developments. This seems to contradict the June 2017 statement that uncoupled the balance sheet developments from policy signals and its reaction function. It was understood as dovish, taking rates and the dollar down, and sending equities higher.
In his statement, Powell clarified this, and played down the link by indicating that it would not be an active tool, but under some conditions, an adjustment may be necessary. The Fed funds are the main policy tool. Surveys of market participants see a new normal balance sheet around $3.5 trillion. The balance sheet needs to be bigger than it was before as banks are required to hold more regulatory capital. More Fed decisions on the balance sheet will likely be forthcoming at future meetings.
A must-read for Fed balance sheet dynamics esp. as relates to the unofficial policy shift to=> IOR (Interest On Reserves) instead of Fed Funds Rate -
Edward, apologies for showing ignorance but it would be a great help to me and friends here in UK if you could explain the book keeping of “The Fed will continue to let $50 bln a month of maturing assets roll-off the balance sheet.” Assuming Treasuries, from what account do the Reserves come from to redeem the bonds and to what account are those Reserves credited.