Nationalism vs populism vs thwarting democracy

What is nationalism?

I think that's a pretty basic question. And it has a fairly straightforward answer. But, in the wild, out on the campaign trail, it's less straightforward. For example, I often see references to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as a nationalist.  For example, in May, here's the Voice of America with the headline "Turkey's Erdogan Ramps Up Nationalist Rhetoric". But just yesterday, the nationalist party in Turkey broke ties with Erdoğan for the next election.

You could say, then, that Erdoğan is a populist then. But this quote from the Washington Post, after Erdoğan won the general election in June, caught my eye:
This weaponizing of ressentiment — a term borrowed from German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, capturing the deep grievance produced by feelings of both envy and humil...


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